Types of Centrifugal Pumps and Their Uses

Companies looking to select the proper sanitary centrifugal pump for a variety of processing or manufacturing applications should be aware of the various types and brands available to them, and their intended uses. Sanitary centrifugal pumps use an electric or gas-powered motor to power a rotary blade that pumps fluids in a radial or axial configuration. This rotational action results in the efficient conversion of kinetic energy into hydrodynamic energy. Because of this, sanitary centrifugal pumps are popular in various water and fluid transfer applications, such as food and beverage production, breweries, chemical processing, oil and gas processing, and pharmaceuticals. At Lincoln Suppliers, we specialize in carrying an array of centrifugal pumps from trusted brands like FRISTAM, Waukesha, and AMPCO. To help you narrow down your search, here is a basic breakdown of three of the main types of centrifugal pumps, and their specific applications


Working with just a single impeller, this type of centrifugal pump is low-maintenance, easy to clean, and works well for low-to-moderate dynamic head. Applications with low pressure rates and high-flow rates typically utilize this type of pump, including water treatment centers, oil and gasoline processing, and chemical processing applications. Clean, lightweight liquids with high viscosities are ideal for this type of centrifugal pump.


Designed with two impellers positioned side-by-side, this centrifugal pump configuration is ideal for fluid transfer applications with a medium dynamic head. Examples include fire sprinkler systems, large-scale laundry systems, and industrial applications that require greater efficiency in their fluid transfer process.


Multiple chambers and impellers are utilized in these centrifugal pumps for applications with high dynamic heads. You will commonly see this type of sanitary centrifugal pump utilized in reverse osmosis, boiler feeds, shower systems, and high-pressure cleaning applications – to name just a few.

Additionally, the various centrifugal pumps we offer will have several impeller designs and suction rates, depending on the fluid media you are using and its viscosity. From thin to semi-solids slurries—centrifugal pumps are the most popular type of pump in a number of fluid transfer industries. At Lincoln Suppliers, we pride ourselves in providing industry leaders with the sanitary processing equipment they need. Select the perfect pump according to the specifics of your application needs. Call our team today at 800-622-8425, or request a free quote.